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The Middlesex Co. 1862 Tremaine Map – two versions!

UNIVERSITY HOLDINGS of SAME MAP EDITION, WITH DIFFERENCES

My photographs of the 1862 Co. of Middlesex wall map, snapped on location at the map collections of McMaster University (Hamilton, ON), were made for my own personal genealogy research.

At this time (2011), the University of Toronto’s online Ontario Historical County Map Project did not yet exist.

TREMAINES’ / MAP / OF THE / COUNTY of MIDDLESEX. / CANADA WEST. / COMPILED & DRAWN FROM ACTUAL-SURVEYS / BY THE PUBLISHERS / Geo R. & G. M. Tremaine. / 1862 / St Lawrence Buildings. / TORONTO. C.W.

Since McMaster’s Tremaine map was laid out on the large table, I was able to take snaps of the intact parts of the map, leaving the fragile portions rolled.

My images were affected by the glare off the shellacked paper (warped and peeling off its linen backing); any effort to transcribe names would be incomplete.

The U of T’s images – of a separate map of the same date and publisher – are the source of my transcriptions for the HeritagePIN project. Yet, to resolve the obscured parts of the U of T’s images, I consulted my McMaster images and discovered some differences!

Updates had been made to McMaster’s version of the Tremaine map – additional labels were applied to roads and rail, and the names of property owners had been inserted into previously blank lots.

Changes were found in the townships of Westminster, London, Ekfrid, North Dorchester and Delaware.


SECTION OF WESTMINSTER TOWNSHIP EAST at the GORE CONCESSION and LAMBETH – U of T greyscale

 

Univ. of Toronto – Fortin, Marcel, Cheryl Woods, and Lorraine Dubreuil. “Ontario Historical County Maps.” Web Mapping Application. Ontario Historical County Maps Project, 2005- https://utoronto.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cc6be34f6b54992b27da17467492d2f Images from the U of T project (Sec.4 image 0003.jpg or the _merge.jpg)


SAME AS ABOVE, WITH CHANGES – McMaster colour

 

McMaster University – Tremaine’s Map of the County of Middlesex (1862), Accession #107731 https://library.mcmaster.ca/php/raremaps.php?f=more&num=107731 Photo: ©Lisa-Ann M. Rance, 2011


SECTION OF WESTMINSTER TOWNSHIP near LONDON – CON 1 and BROKEN FRONT – U of T greyscale

 

Univ. of Toronto – Fortin, Marcel, Cheryl Woods, and Lorraine Dubreuil. “Ontario Historical County Maps.” Web Mapping Application. Ontario Historical County Maps Project, 2005- https://utoronto.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cc6be34f6b54992b27da17467492d2f Images from the U of T project (Sec.4 image 0003.jpg or the _merge.jpg)


SAME AS ABOVE, WITH CHANGES – McMaster colour

(Your turn) Check out the changes south of the river.

McMaster University – Tremaine’s Map of the County of Middlesex (1862), Accession #107731 https://library.mcmaster.ca/php/raremaps.php?f=more&num=107731 Photo: ©Lisa-Ann M. Rance, 2011


Many of the updates are incorporated in the surname databases at the township pages.



 

The 1857 Oxford Co. (Tremaine)
at Guelph U

The 1862 Middlesex Co. (Tremaine)
at McMaster U

The 1863 Prince Edward Co. (Tremaine)
at McMaster U

FAQ | Printed Large-Sized Maps?

This is the # 1 Frequently Asked Question.

This website *points to* scans of early wall maps and printed atlases held at various repositories (universities and government archives). Prints cannot be ordered, here.

A curator at the Maps Collection of a major university stated that while the maps dated 1850’s to 1880’s are not copyright-protected, any scans, prints or images of the maps are copyrighted to their producers.

Let me know of any officially-produced (book) atlases, posters or wall maps for sale. Here’s a start:


BRANT COUNTY

The Brant Co. Museum & Archives in Brantford, ON had some poster-sized old maps. Their website is compromised at present. Will check back.


NIAGARA | LINCOLN & WELLAND COUNTIES

The Mayholme Foundation of St. Catharines, ON, offers in book format, the Atlas of Early Pioneers of Niagara Peninsula. Published 2002, 8.5 x 11 in, cerlox-bound, b&w, 72 pages. ISBN 0-9897467-3-3

The publication itself is not indexed, yet the HeritagePIN surname-indexes do include my transcriptions of the names (pre-1871).


ELGIN COUNTY

The Elgin County Library in St. Thomas, ON, offers a Reprint of Geo. Tremaine’s 1864 (wall) map, in book format – Tremaine’s Map of County of Elgin Co. Ontario: Commemorative Edition in Celebration of the Sesquicentennial of the County of Elgin 1852-2002.
Published 2002, 17.5 x 11.5 in, cloth hard covers, colour, 80 pages. ISBN 0-920339-25-5

RESOURCES | Upper Canada Land Petitions online

Written petitions seeking permission to settle Canada’s newly-opening frontiers, are important family history resources. Regardless of whether land was granted “free” (as in a grant for military service), or whether a settler paid patent fees, government permission was required.

Petitions were legal affidavits, submitted with the aid of a notarial official, with supporting letters and documentation attached. The petitions described such details as the exact identity of the petitioner, make-up and circumstances of the family, reasons for immigration, qualifications for free grants, occupation and skills, oaths of allegiance and character references.

Sometimes a petition was sent back for clarification or further evidence – the ‘cover’ page of each petition contains a running summary.

For a general understanding, consult the Archives of Ontario’s “Pathfinder to Petitions for Land“, and “Guide to Crown Land Records“, describe these record-sets.

Three primary collections of early Canadian Land Petitions are:

1) Upper Canada Land Petitions 1793-1867 (index and images online; involves a search),
2) Lower Canada Land Petitions 1764-1841 (index and images online), and
3) Petitions to the Crown Lands Department 1827-1904 (not online)

These collections are held either by the Library or Archives Canada or the Archives of Ontario.

As of 2012, most Upper Canada (Ontario) Land Petitions can be consulted online – first by searching a surname index, and then by locating the PDF versions of each microfilm reel.

Each listing in the index contains two locations – one was the Township or District the petitioner was residing at, and the other the location that the Government ‘recommended” to be settled. Petitions were not always followed through to the issue of patents, nor were they always issued for the recommended locations.

See more about the Land Districts mentioned (some Counties were not yet defined).

Searching Upper Canada Land Petitions 1793-1865, RG 1 L1

To find UCLP online:

1. Indexed by surname, the Upper Canada Land Petition indexes now be searched.

https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/land/land-petitions-upper-canada-1763-1865/Pages/search-petitions-upper-canada.aspx

2. Then, the microfilmed images of the petitions can be consulted as PDF files online – look up the Microfilm reel here.


An example, searching the database:

From each indexed record, make note of:

– the Microfilm number
– the Bundle number
– the Petition number



Find the record:



An example, finding the images of the petitions:

Look up the Microfilm reel number here.
Each digitized reel is @ 1000+ pages in pdf format.

Click on the link to the microfilm and then use the page navigation bar. Enter a page number and/or use the arrows, as shown below:



Navigate to the correct bundle and petition… in the navigation pane, enter a page number: try 100 as a start. Click Go.

Scroll down to the bottom of the page and look at the reference tag for the Bundle number. In this case we have P Bundle 19 and we want P Bundle 21, so must go much further.



Navigate to a later page number, maybe page 1000, and go back and forth using page-number or arrows until you find the correct reference tag.

Now look at the petition number which will be at the top of the page, hand-written:



In this example the petition number is 45 and we want to go to back to find petition 20. Change the page number or use the arrows in the navigation area as shown:



Each petition is preceded by a marker page such as the lined page, above. Every once in a while, a loose page has been placed out of order in the neighbouring petitions. Also, neighbouring petitions may be from members of the same family or migrating group.

If the reference tag is correct and the petition number is correct, you should have arrived at the record:



The first page is often a chronology of the processing of the petition. A final decision can be a simple “recommended” or “not recommended”, scrawled in corner.

If the script is difficult to read, you may consult some transcriptions from my personal research, here.

RESOURCES | Maps showing Land Parcel Data

The Ontario Government’s ‘Make a Topographic Map’ online utility (Ministry of Natural Resources)

It can be used to confirm modern land parcel data; you may center it to a location and zoom-level and save maps digitally for printing.

TIP: with each new location, re-enter the program from its home page: https://www.ontario.ca/page/topographic-maps



CENTER THE MAP on TOWNSHIP / CONCESSION / LOT

Most rural property descriptors follow the historical townships and lot locations. Alternately, search by street address (see below).



Start typing a Township name, or use the drop-down arrow to search alphabetically.



MAKE A PRINTABLE MAP

Click-drag the map to center it, and Use the + and – zoom buttons. At a certain zoom level, look for Con/Lot tags in the center of the lots. For those tags to appear on the digital print, stay at this zoom level.

The default resolution for the default PDF print is 96dpi. The default page size to print on is standard letter-sized. The area will be masked in pink. You can adjust the options.



LOCATE BY ADDRESS

TIP: Use the name of the larger municipality; in this example ‘Sydenham’ didn’t work, but ‘Meaford’ did. Keep it simple: if you have a road name and a rural route number, leave out the RR.

No street number? i.e. R.R. only? Check out Ken McKinlay’s Finding on the Ground – A Rural Route Address in Ontario.



Unsure of the modern municipality? At this site, go to the Township’s page and click the Info icon on the map.

MODERN PARCEL INFO

These labels are the modern Parcel descriptors, and may correspond with the historical lots shown on old maps. Sometimes through time, townships have become amalgamated or renamed.

words


LOOKING FOR OFFICIAL SURVEY or LEGAL PARCEL DATA?

ONland is the Ontario Government’s portal for Land Registry services.

IS THERE A LIST OF MODERN ADDRESSES for a LOT?

No, but at the Block level, there may be.. at ONland, above.

But here’s what you might do if you don’t have a street number:

  • Google Earth or Google Maps may have tiny residential numbers if you zoom in close enough.
  • You can capture the geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) and enter those later into the Google Maps address bar to pin an exact location.
  • RESOURCES | Find Lot Locations using the 1871 Census

    Research 1871 CENSUS locations free online for ALL OF ONTARIO. The individual Township pages at this site, point to every Sched. 4 start page for every Enumeration Division in the Province! COPYRIGHT – the Surname databases, Look-up charts, Transcriptions and all Map geo-points are property of Lisa Rance, Orillia, 2011-current.

    Determine the exact Concession & Lot locations where ancestors reported crops on the 1871 Census. This is helpful for differentiating families of a common surname. The ancestor need not have been a farmer – even small personal gardens on town lots, were reported.

    See Tutorial

    Muskoka and Parry Sound Lot Locations, 1871

    I only recently became aware of the existence of an “agricultural” schedule for the 1871 Census of Canada. Here are a thousand+ surnames transcribed for Muskoka and Parry Sound using the cross-referencing procedure described here.

    Search:
    Total Records Found: 1005, showing 10 per page
    SurnameIncidenceTownshipCountyDatesSourceDetails
    [1871 surnames] Ryde Muskoka 1871. census check DRAPER Twp.
    [1871 surnames] Oakley Muskoka 1871. census check DRAPER Twp.
    Adams 1 Muskoka Muskoka 1871. census
    Adams 1 Medora Muskoka 1871. census
    Adams 3 Chaffey Muskoka 1871. census
    Adelhard 1 Morrison Muskoka 1871. census
    Alderman 1 Draper Muskoka 1871. census
    Alexander 1 Watt Muskoka 1871. census
    Algie 1 Hagerman Parry Sound 1871. census
    Allard 1 McDougall Parry Sound 1871. census

    RESOURCES | onLand Land Registry


     
    In 2018 Service Ontario announced its project making available online the Ontario early land record ‘History Books’. Land Registry Offices closed for public search services in 2020.

    It is required to know the historical County, Township and Concession location to search the Abstract Index of Deeds.


    Access OnLand from this Website


    At any Township page, access OnLand from the link in the left sidebar called ‘Land Registry’.

    Arriving at the County index for ‘Historical Books’, immediately select the Township from the drop-down manu.





    Enter the name of an historical Ontario COUNTY. Counties are expressed as ALL-CAPS.



    Bottom right, select ‘Historical Books’ and Search…



    From Book Category, select ‘Abstract/Parcel Register Book’



    Abstract Index books for the entire county appear in the list. In the top-right corner, filter by Township.

    Some land parcels may be filed under the names of towns / municipalities.



    In this township, only one historical book is available. The Concession A and B are located on either side of the north-bouund Nipissing Road, and Concessions 1 to 14 are the grid of Concessions and Lots of the remainder of the township.



    When viewing maps, Concessions are indicated by Roman numerals.

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    PHOTOlog | gingerbread house in winter SIMCOE

    ontario gothic farmhouse, historical mill

    Paint required in Hillsdale, Ontario. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, September 2011


    ontario gothic farmhouse in winter, gingerbread bargeboard

    Cozy brick farmhouse tucked against a ridge on Line 8 North. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, February 2015

    SIMCOE County | Medonte Township

    PHOTOlog | stop this time PEEL

    georgian architecture, museum at christmas

    Christmas decor at historical Bovaird House, built 1852 in Brampton, by baker Peter Chisholm. This Georgian home features a McLaughlin cutter (sleigh), the remnants of an apple orchard, and early commercial baking implements. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, December 2014

    pre-Confederation architecture, octagonal house, near Toronto

    Early Octagonal House at 8273 Heritage Road, built about 1854 by Samuel McClure. French double doors are centered in each of the three sides which face the road. On the “commute”? Stop once. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, June 2015

    PEEL County | Chinguacousy South Township

    PHOTOlog | school’s out PEEL

    caledon, historical, schoolhouse, bell tower, brickwork, buttress, pre-Confederation

    Silver Creek Schoolhouse, S.S. No. 3, a private residence since 1967. Original schoolhouse built 1842, and the discovery of partially-scorched internal beams, indicate the structure may have been rebuilt at an early point. An unusual feature is its attached buttresses. It operated as a school until 1960, thereafter offered at public tender as a Centennial Project. The owners built an exact replica of the earlier bell tower. Obscured by trees in summer! Photo credit: Lisa Rance, April 2011

    PEEL County | Caledon Township

    PHOTOlog | early settlement on old waterways SIMCOE

    colonial history, historical Canadian waterways

    Innisfil township overlooks Cook’s Bay on Lake Simcoe – an important historic waterway – Samuel de Champlain came through here as did Sir John Franklin. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, May 2015


    early Ontario fieldstone construction, first post office, fire

    One of four heritage-designated buildings in Innisfil, the 1841 Barclay House, the township’s first post office, was destroyed by fire on New Year’s Eve 2014. Photo credit: Lisa Rance, March 2016

    SIMCOE County | Innisfil Township